the greatest man in French history
“France lost the battle. But France did not lose the war.”
La France a perdu une bataille, mais la France n’a pas perdu la guerre.
Reason for selection: Great soldier, great politician
French soldier and leader of the Free French during World War II who led the anti-German movement and freed France from Nazi oppression and led the reconstruction of postwar France.
In fact, it is the wealth of modern France, and there is no objection that it is a giant that left the biggest footprint in France in the 20th century.
He is even named after the latest aircraft carrier and the largest airport in Paris.
De Gaulle as a cadet
De Gaulle was born in Lille, an industrial city in northern France, and unlike other French regions, De Gaulle grew up in an ascetic and labor-centered culture, which is said to have been culturally distant from many French people
However, the humiliation of the 1870 Franco-Prussian War was always in his mind, and from this point on he chose the path of a soldier to avenge the humiliation of defeat, growing into a hard-line French nationalist.
De Gaulle, who entered the military academy but was teased by his colleagues for his strong personality and tall stature, but was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the infantry after World War I broke out, entered the ranks of French hero Colonel Philippe Peteng.
There he participates in the worst slaughter, the Battle of Verdun, but is wounded and taken prisoner by the Germans for 32 months. He tried to escape five times, but he was too tall to stand out because he was 196cm tall, and he failed repeatedly because he didn’t have the right clothes, but at the time, he was treated as an officer prisoner, so he ended up in solitary confinement.
Although he served as a deputy to Peteng, who became the head of the army after the end of the war, he stays as a captain for more than 10 years because he is considered arrogant due to his strong ego, but he is promoted to major by Peteng’s recommendation. In memory of this, De Gaulle was the leader of the Nazi puppet government of Bis France after the end of World War II
“Where did your husband, who was once my role model, disappear?”
lamented, and saved his life by lowering his sentence from death to life in prison.
In any case, it was directly checked by the French Army to settle in a corner stone, and despite its outstanding performance, the troops were disbanded. However, De Gaulle, who had seen the greatest chance of war since Hitler’s reign, suggested using four tank operation divisions, mechanized units, more than 100,000 mobile units with communication/distribution capabilities to facilitate support and close air support as a strategic reserve.
However, conservatives who believed in the Maginot Line and leaders who had no understanding of mobile warfare ignored it, and a small group of junior officers, including De Gaulle, went crazy, and saw Shobu as a result of the dramatic establishment of an armoured division just before the invasion of France.
Eventually, however, Germany invaded France, and all of France’s troops were pushed back, but the now-organized 4th Panzer Division, led by De Gaulle, struggled the most among the French, and actually dug up to 2 kilometers into the commander’s command in a remarkable mobile battle.
However, the incompetent French government declared its surrender, and De Gaulle defected to Britain with his comrades, shouting, “Shock or Caddshaw,” and later joined Admiral Emile Duisley to form an exile government, Free France.
However, in 1940, France’s main force was controlled by Vichy France, a puppet government led by Peteng, and the colony supported Vichy France, so De Gaulle’s free France had no real influence.
But Winston Churchill, the British prime minister, saw De Gaulle’s potential and was the only one who applied
Also, because of his character, he has a serious conflict with Roosevelt, the leader of the same coalition, and Churchill, the volunteer, which DeGaulle did on purpose, fearing that France would be branded as a German serviceman.
Roosevelt did not recognize him as a formal leader because he feared he would become a dictator, but it was not until 1945 that he saw him gradually dominating French refugees with charisma.
In addition, Admiral Fran Darlan, the head of the Free French Navy, was assassinated, and there was virtually no replacement for De Gaulle in Free France.
“Paris is hurt. Paris was destroyed. Paris was tortured. But Paris was liberated.”
- Paris Liberation Speech –
(De Gaulle, who enters the liberated Paris, boasts a greater head than any other factor)
It also brought North African colonies to the side of Free France with its unique charisma and vision, which led to the launch of the French National Freedom Committee in French Algeria to officially incorporate Free France into the Allied Forces.
In other words, France is no longer a part-timer, but a country that is at war with Germany. With the success of the landings in Normandy in 1944, the liberation of Paris was just around the corner, and the U.S. Army, Vidgolian right-wing Resistance, and the Communist Party competed in the fall of Paris, eventually with the help of the Resistance and the citizens of Paris.
De Gaulle and the Free French marched on the improvement with the enthusiastic cheers of hundreds of thousands of Parisians, where the myth of the Liberator De Gaulle was created. It is only then that de Gaulle is recognized as the official leader of France and becomes a lifelong political asset to all Allied leaders.
It was de Gaulle’s own political and strategic calculation, but the U.S., which originally did not view free France as a member of the coalition, excluded France from important post-war world order-reorganization talks such as the Yalta Conference.
However, the incident forced him to admit de Gaulle, who eventually dominated the French political situation, and accepted him as a member of the Allies. In other words, it was beneficial for de Gaulle to eat Paris for the benefit of France.
However, he shook hands with the French Communist Party, which accounted for 70 percent of the French resistance in the post-war cabinet selection, and the support of the majority of the people was centered on the center or the left, so the Communist Party eventually rose to the top in the general election and de Gaulle neatly announced his retirement later that year.
De Gaulle, who enjoyed writing memoirs and hobbies until the mid-50s, is once again in charge of France’s national fortunes.He was in danger of the overthrow of the Socialist regime by the defeat of the Suez War in 1956, the hellish Algerian War in 58 and the danger of a military coup, and Algeria belongs to France!!With overwhelming support from the right and the center, he defeated the 4th Republic and established the 5th Republic to become the president of France.
For your information, the soldiers of the 4th Republic were obsessed with the colony to forget the insults of World War II, left and right, and were forced out of Vietnam to fight the battle of Dien Bien Phu.
As a result, there were frequent calls for independence throughout the French colonies, a quarter of Africa, especially in Algeria, which recognized it as the mainland of France, and the situation was a mess, with the French brutally suppressing it like Nazi Germany.
On top of that, the moderate Socialist cabinet insisted on a compromise with Algeria, but of course, the opposition extreme right wing and the military even threatened the coup. Gong 4 asked De Gaulle, the only person to control the crazy dogs, for help.
Everyone, Paris is safe!
Get a living!
In the meantime, the coup d’etat army occupied Corsica and landed in southern France, and the economy was already ruined by military expenses following World War II, Vietnam, and Algeria, and foreign exchange reserves were already bottomed out.
Under these circumstances, De Gaulle dressed up for conquest, delivered a televised address, and appealed to the public, which alone breaks down the regime and wins parliamentary dissolution, constitutional revision, and interim government leadership.
Of course, the leftists rallied to protest, saying it was the second Napoleon, but if you think about it, the Communist Party will come back to power without De Gaulle, so the Socialist Party, institutional leftists, and centrist groups are a small misfortune, but the Communist Party is a nightmare.
In conclusion, De Gaulle admits to power
Naturally, the military, the right wing, and the middle wing also knew that DeGaulle would ignore Algeria’s demand for independence. However, DeGaulle sets Algeria apart, leaving behind a rare famous speech, “I understand you!”
In fact, De Gaulle was more negative about Algerian independence than anyone else, and at least wanted to create a secular state, but he faced reality calmly and decided that the only answer to all this mess was colonial independence.
So De Gaulle allowed the independence of the African colonies, and even De Gaulle, who was already supported by the whole nation, could not be able to do anything. However, when he came out of the colony, he created a new era organization called the French Union, like the Commonwealth.
Starting from this time, France has an all-round influence on Africa, and considering that it is actually so strong that it is called the New Imperialism, De Gaulle’s choice is the cause of colonial independence, and the reduction of management costs.
De Gaulle’s meeting with West Germany’s Prime Minister Konrat Adenauer, who is effectively considered the beginning of the European Union
(Prime Minister Konrat Adenauer is the wealth of modern Germany, which has been crowned the great German No. 1 by the Germans.)
De Gaulle was also a Europeanist, trying to check the U.S., which effectively overtook Europe to become the strongest nation, and to do so, he launched a European economic community, armed with nuclear weapons, and forced the U.S. to withdraw from NATO, a Sidabari.
He tried to revive European nationalism centered on the great France, and in the process, he worked with Germany for the sake of profit, although he was a mortal enemy. De Gaulle realized that France should not be left alone, so he chose West Germany as a suitable partner, a combination of the stigma of the defeated country and the interests of Prime Minister Conrad Adenauer, who aimed to fully incorporate it into the Western world rather than the Prussian line.
De Gaulle, who flew to Bonn, West Germany, signed a German-French reconciliation and cooperation treaty with Prime Minister Adenauer that ended his long-standing conflict and agreed to cooperate in the economic and diplomatic fields.
So starting at this point, Germany and France, the foes, turn into the best partners.
Oh, by the way, I hated my ally Britain, who thought the United States was a bridgehead to infiltrate Europe and knew that the UK would eventually choose the United States rather than Europe, so every time Britain tried to join the European Economic Community, it refused.
Well, De Gaulle’s prediction was right, considering Braxit.
As a result, De Gaulle’s popularity hit the sky, and the left was half abandoned, but a comet-like figure won about 45 percent of the vote, the first president of the French Socialist Party and the great Frenchman-ranked Fran 미ois Mitterrand.
Anyway, it’s DeGaulle’s second term in power, but in Quebec, France, Ata Quebec, they speak French, so why are they in the Canadian Federation? Hooray for the free Quebec!LOL, he made a diplomatic disrespect by speaking in public, and at this time he showed quite authoritarian rule, but he had more flexibility than other European presidential states.
He is very important about freedom, and he is generous with print media such as newspapers and magazines, and he also participates in the establishment of Le Monde. However, broadcasting was thoroughly controlled by the pro-government tone, and during the 68th Movement, employees of broadcasters, who were worse, staged a strike demanding independence of editing. Naturally, this is also because De Gaulle, a 19th-century figure, had an outdated perception that broadcasting should convey the voice of the government.
In addition, the presidential power in the De Gaulle era was so imperial that it did not originate in modern European political history, and a dictator in the East who saw it used it as a model for the October Restoration.
However, DeGaulle, who opposed the U.S. dollar policy and insisted on the gold standard, was strongly checked by the U.S. and its friends, and his popularity declined as Nixon stopped the gold conversion, and the new generation loathed the authoritarian and outdated DeGaulle, exploding into the 68th Movement.
The government lost control of several major cities, and even Paris was occupied by demonstrators. But De Gaulle wasn’t in Paris at the time, and that was not to escape, but to confirm the support of the elite French troops in West Germany.
The demonstrators naturally accepted that De Gaulle had fled and were overcome with victory. De Gaulle was already aware of the dangers of the army as a supreme leader and was in such a serious crisis that securing control over the army was a priority that all French military police officers were sent to suppress the riot.
French armoured units were waiting to secure martial law, surrounding large cities at the command of the Ministry of Defense. However, DeGaulle calmed the situation by taking control of the army until the end, and it was a landslide victory in the general election, so that DeGolfa could change the constitution.
Well, the obvious result is that the 68th Movement, which drove the De Gaulle regime to the brink of collapse, was students and they had no right to vote. In addition, political forces united in Bandgol did not have a centripetal point with de Gaulle-class charisma, and eventually they were cut by de Gaulle, who had a unified leader.
However, DeGaulle was also hit hard by leadership and was covered up by a referendum to resign several times, but when the referendum was rejected in 1969, he decided that the people no longer trust him and resigned neatly.
How neat his resignation was, even the opposition who still cursed him admitted that his resignation was really democratic and heroic.
Only his name is written on the tomb where the great hero of France is buried. De Gaulle died in 1970, after his memoir was published in his private residence. De Gaulle, Daeyeongwoong, had to be buried in Fanteon, but De Gaulle prepared a tomb in my hometown of Colungbe, and only family and residents attended, and asked me to use only my name and year for the tombstone.
Therefore, only his name and year are written on his tomb. De Gaulle was a political ambitious and self-righteous man. He was also wary of the left and missed many things or made mistakes.
But he was a patriot who fought back against the great evil Nazis as best he could, and diplomacy, which established a non-aligned line in the interests of the first world, was in France’s national interest, and it was De Gaulle’s shift from anachronistic colonialism to decolonization.
It is true that he showed the face of an authoritarian dictator, but he didn’t go out too quickly to suppress the human rights of the people and left the opposition who criticized him bitterly.
In addition, he expanded his voting rights to all citizens, recognized conscientious objection to military service, established a new alternative abdomen, adopted a dual government system that divides his exclusive power, and established a runoff system to overcome the limitations of the two-party system.
This contrasts with his rival Churchill’s strong character as a wartime prize winner, and he was worthy of the worst period of chaos in French history. Even if the real name and cancer are divided, I think it is true that the de-goal is a character that heaven gave for France.
For reference, he was a stubborn person who was hard to deal with even his family, but he only sent a lot of letters expressing affection and the sentence was soft, unlike his image.
And her second daughter, Jeanne, had Down’s syndrome, which she cared for and loved her daughter, who was treated to the point of abandoning her child at the time, and created an atmosphere around her so that she wouldn’t consider herself abnormal, but her daughter died young. And De Gaulle decides that his tomb is where his daughter’s grave is